Arthroscopy is done through small incisions (usually 2 or 3). During the procedure, your orthopedic surgeon inserts the arthroscope into your hip joint. The arthroscope sends the image to a television monitor. On the monitor, your surgeon can see hip structures in great detail so that he can repair or remove injured tissue. To do this, small surgical instruments are inserted through the other incisions.
Extracting small pieces of bone or cartilage that may be loose inside the hip joint and causing pain.
Repair a broken labrum (a tear in the cartilage that attaches to the edge of the acetabulum of the iliac bone).
Hip impingement syndrome (also called femoroacetabular impingement, or FAI).
The risks of anesthesia and surgery in general are:
Allergic reactions to medications
Bleeding, blood clots, infection
The risks of hip arthroscopy are:
Venous bleeding or thrombosis
Injury to a blood vessel or nerve
After surgery, you will need to use crutches for 2 to 6 weeks.
During the first week, you should not put any weight on the side that had surgery.
After the first week, you will be allowed to slowly put more and more weight on your operated hip.
The surgeon will tell you when you can return to work. Most people can return to work after 1 to 2 weeks if they can sit most of the time.
You will be instructed on the exercises that you can do at home to regain hip mobility and gradually regain strength.