The knee joint is the load joint of the lower extremities and allows us to walk, its pathology is diverse, usually secondary to trauma: fracture of the distal femur, tibial plateau, patella, tendon injuries, knee dislocations, etc .; but also to mechanical overload due to work or sports practice: meniscal tears, chondromalacia patella, patellar tendinitis. Rupture of the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments. Tear or sprain of the internal and external lateral ligaments. Goosefoot tendinitis. Chondral injuries, bone edema and arthrosis, etc.
The diagnostic tests commonly used are radiographs, ultrasound, CT and MRI, depending on the condition being studied.
The treatment of this pathology requires different types of surgical access as well as the use of knee arthroscopy as a minimally invasive treatment method. Sometimes depending on the pathology, the use of infiltrations (steroids, hyaluronic acid, platelet-rich plasma-PRP) is indicated, which allows us to heal some pathologies and sometimes improve pain in the recovery process.